April 2006. pp. 131~154
The aim of this paper is to clarify the meaning of Yuan-Tun Chih-Kuan set forth by Chih-i. Yuan-Tun Chih-Kuan is based on the theory of nonduality. This means Yuan-Tun Chih-Kuan cannot be compatible with upāya as expedient means for reaching the real. By the way, Chih-i proposed religious rituals as upāya for Yuan-Tun Chih-Kuan. This is controversial. Having the concerning in this problem, this paper clarified the meaning of upāya from the meaning of miao[妙] The meaning of miao consists of the relative and the absolute. In the relative, miao considers upāya in relation to the real as the expedient means for reaching the real, and denies it. The absolute means that there is nothing which is relative. According to the absolute, miao considers upāya is identical with the real. The absolute miao redefines upāya as the real. If upāya is identicl with the real, upāya can be compatible with Yuan-Tun Chih-Kuan.The meaning of upāya identical with the real is well described in the Lotus Samādhi.
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  • Publisher :Korean Association of Buddhist Studies
  • Publisher(Ko) :불교학연구회
  • Journal Title :Korea Journal of Buddhist Studies
  • Journal Title(Ko) :불교학연구
  • Volume : 13
  • No :0
  • Pages :131~154