동아시아불교

March 2021. pp. 295-322
Abstract
Ouyang Jingwu (歐陽 竟無, 1871–1943) is the establisher of modern Chinese Buddhist Study. He was born in the typical Chinese gentry family in Jiangxi province. His family members gained upper gentry degree through the Imperial Examination, but could not take normal central government posts. His uncle Ouyang Xu educated Ouyang Jingwu who had lost his father in his early age. While traveling around the country as a private assistant, Xu was also keen on social engagements, including disseminating new education in Jiangxi province. This was a combination of the modern intellectuals’ sense of engagement and the traditional gentry class’ concept of social responsibility. After receiving traditional education such as Confucian scriptures and literature in his hometown, Jingwu learned statecraft theory and Western study at Jingxun Shuyuan in Nanchang, Jiangxi province. While the political movement swept the intellectual class at the time, Jingwu turned his perspective into human nature through Lu-Wang school theory, which laid the ideological foundation for him to turn to Buddhism. On the other hand, he established a school in his hometown and introduced new educational methods. This was directly influenced by his uncle Ouyang Xu, indicating his self-awareness as a gentleman who lived during the transition period of the country. At the same time, it was in line with Yang Renshan's intention to reform Chinese Buddhism through the new educational system, and became an important reason for Yang's choice of Ouyang Jingwu as his academic successor.
구양경무(歐陽竟無)는 금릉각경처를 세운 양인산(楊仁山)의 학문적 유산을 이어 받아 지나내학원을 창설하고 근대 중국불교학을 정립한 선구자로 평가된다. 그는 강서성(江西省)의 경제적으로 유족하지 못한 전형적인 재지신사가문에서 태어났다. 구양 경무의 조부, 부친, 숙부들은 모두 과거를 통해 상층신사지위를 얻었고 교육을 통해 뛰어난 고문실력을 갖추었지만 정상적인 중앙관직에 취임하지 못하고 미관말직이나 막료로 전국을 전전하였다. 숙부 구양욱(歐陽昱)은 막료로서 전국을 돌아다니면서도 일찍 상부(喪父)한 구양경무를 직접 양육・교육하고 강서성에서 신교육을 보급하고 잠상(蠶桑)을 장려하는 등 사회적 실천에도 힘썼다. 이는 근대적 지성인의 현실참여의식과 전통 신사계층의 사회적 책무관념이 결합된 것으로서 후일 구양 경무에게도 큰 영향을 미치게 되었다. 구양 경무는 고향에서 경학과 문학 등의 전통교육을 받은 후 강서성 남창(南昌)의 경훈서원(經訓書院)에서 경세학과 서학 등의 신학문을 섭렵하였다. 정치운동의 파고가 당시 지식인층을 휩쓰는 와중에 구양경무는 오히려 육왕심학을 통해 인간 내부로 시각을 돌리기 시작했다. 이는 이후 구양 경무가 불교로 전향할 수 있었던 사상적 토대를 마련했다. 다른 한편 고향에서 학교를 설립하여 새로운 교육방법을 도입하는 등 새로운 교육 이념을 실천하였다. 이는 숙부 구양 욱의 직접적인 영향을 받은 것으로 전환기를 살았던 신사계층으로서의 자각을 보여준다. 동시에 새로운 교육체계를 통해 중국불교를 개혁하려 했던 양인산의 의도에 부합하여, 구양 경무가 양인산의 학문적 적통을 이어받을 수 있었던 중요한 원인이 되었다.
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Information
  • Publisher :Korean Association of Buddhist Studies
  • Publisher(Ko) :불교학연구회
  • Journal Title :Korea Journal of Buddhist Studies
  • Journal Title(Ko) :불교학연구
  • Volume : 66
  • No :0
  • Pages :295-322